# Problem Set: Whole Numbers

## Introduction to Whole Number Basics

### Identify Counting Numbers and Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, determine which of the following numbers are a) counting numbers and b) whole numbers.- [latex]0,\frac{2}{3},5,8.1,125[/latex]
Answer: a) Counting numbers: 5, 125 b) Whole numbers: 0, 5, 125

- [latex]0,\frac{7}{10},3,20.5,300[/latex]
- [latex]0,\frac{4}{9},3.9,50,221[/latex]
Answer: a) Counting numbers: 50, 221 b) Whole numbers: 0, 50, 221

- [latex]0,\frac{3}{5},10,303,422.6[/latex]

### Model Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, use place value notation to find the value of the number modeled by the [latex]\text{base -10}[/latex] blocks.#### Exercise 1

Answer: 561

#### Exercise 2

#### Exercise 3

Answer: 407

#### Exercises 4

### Identify the Place Value of a Digit

In the following exercises, find the place value of the given digits.#### Exercise 1

[latex-display]579,601[/latex-display]- 9
- 6
- 0
- 7
- 5

Answer:

- thousands
- hundreds
- tens
- ten thousands
- hundred thousands

#### Exercise 2

[latex-display]398,127[/latex-display]- 9
- 3
- 2
- 8
- 7

#### Exercise 3

[latex-display]56,804,379[/latex-display]- 8
- 6
- 4
- 7
- 0

Answer:

- hundred thousands
- millions
- thousands
- tens
- ten thousands

#### Exercise 4

[latex-display]78,320,465[/latex-display]- 8
- 4
- 2
- 6
- 7

### Use Place Value to Name Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, name each number in words.#### Exercise 1

- [latex]1,078[/latex]
Answer: One thousand, seventy-eight

- [latex]5,902[/latex]
- [latex]364,510[/latex]
Answer: Three hundred sixty-four thousand, five hundred ten

- [latex]146,023[/latex]
- [latex]5,846,103[/latex]
Answer: Five million, eight hundred forty-six thousand, one hundred three

- [latex]1,458,398[/latex]
- [latex]37,889,005[/latex]
Answer: Thirty-seven million, eight hundred eighty-nine thousand, five

- [latex]62,008,465[/latex]

#### Exercise 2

- The height of Mount Ranier is [latex]14,410[/latex] feet.
Answer: Fourteen thousand, four hundred ten

- The height of Mount Adams is [latex]12,276[/latex] feet.
- Seventy years is [latex]613,200[/latex] hours.
Answer: Six hundred thirteen thousand, two hundred

- One year is [latex]525,600[/latex] minutes.
- The U.S. Census estimate of the population of Miami-Dade county was [latex]2,617,176[/latex].
Answer: Two million, six hundred seventeen thousand, one hundred seventy-six

- The population of Chicago was [latex]2,718,782[/latex].
- There are projected to be [latex]23,867,000[/latex] college and university students in the US in five years.
Answer: Twenty-three million, eight hundred sixty-seven thousand

- About twelve years ago there were [latex]20,665,415[/latex] registered automobiles in California.
- The population of China is expected to reach [latex]1,377,583,156[/latex] in [latex]2016[/latex].
Answer: One billion, three hundred seventy-seven million, five hundred eighty-three thousand, one hundred fifty-six

- The population of India is estimated at [latex]1,267,401,849[/latex] as of July [latex]1,2014[/latex].

### Use Place Value to Write Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, write each number as a whole number using digits.- four hundred twelve
Answer: 412

- two hundred fifty-three
- thirty-five thousand, nine hundred seventy-five
Answer: 35,975

- sixty-one thousand, four hundred fifteen
- eleven million, forty-four thousand, one hundred sixty-seven
Answer: 11,044,167

- eighteen million, one hundred two thousand, seven hundred eighty-three
- three billion, two hundred twenty-six million, five hundred twelve thousand, seventeen
Answer: 3,226,512,017

- eleven billion, four hundred seventy-one million, thirty-six thousand, one hundred six
- The population of the world was estimated to be seven billion, one hundred seventy-three million people.
Answer: 7,173,000,000

- The age of the solar system is estimated to be four billion, five hundred sixty-eight million years.
- Lake Tahoe has a capacity of thirty-nine trillion gallons of water.
Answer: 39,000,000,000,000

- The federal government budget was three trillion, five hundred billion dollars.

### Round Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, round to the indicated place value. Round to the nearest ten:- [latex]386[/latex]
Answer: 390

- [latex]2,931[/latex]
Answer: 2,930

- [latex]792[/latex]
Answer: 790

- [latex]5,647[/latex]
Answer: 5,650

- [latex]13,748[/latex]
Answer: 13,700

- [latex]391,794[/latex]
Answer: 391,800

- [latex]28,166[/latex]
Answer: 28,200

- [latex]481,628[/latex]
Answer: 481,700

- [latex]1,492[/latex]
Answer: 1,490

- [latex]1,497[/latex]
Answer: 1,500

- [latex]2,391[/latex]
Answer: 2,000

- [latex]2,795[/latex]
Answer: 3,000

- [latex]63,994[/latex]
Answer: [latex]64,000[/latex]

- [latex]63,949[/latex]
Answer: [latex]63,900[/latex]

- [latex]163,584[/latex]
Answer: 164,000

- [latex]163,246[/latex]
Answer: 163,000

### Everyday Math

#### Writing a Check

Jorge bought a car for [latex]\$24,493[/latex]. He paid for the car with a check. Write the purchase price in words.Answer: Twenty four thousand, four hundred ninety-three dollars

#### Writing a Check

Marissa’s kitchen remodeling cost [latex]\$18,549[/latex]. She wrote a check to the contractor. Write the amount paid in words.#### Buying a Car

Jorge bought a car for [latex]\$24,493[/latex]. Round the price to the nearest:- ten dollars
- hundred dollars
- thousand dollars
- ten-thousand dollars

Answer:

- $24,490
- $24,500
- $24,000
- $20,000

#### Remodeling a Kitchen

Marissa’s kitchen remodeling cost [latex]\$18,549[/latex]. Round the cost to the nearest:- ten dollars
- hundred dollars
- thousand dollars
- ten-thousand dollars

#### Population

The population of China was [latex]1,355,692,544[/latex] in 2014. Round the population to the nearest:- billion people
- hundred-million people
- million people

Answer:

- [latex]1,000,000,000[/latex]
- [latex]1,400,000,000[/latex]
- [latex]1,356,000,000[/latex]

#### Astronomy

The average distance between Earth and the sun is [latex]149,597,888[/latex] kilometers. Round the distance to the nearest:- hundred-million kilometers
- ten-million kilometers
- million kilometers

### Writing Exercises

In your own words, explain the difference between the counting numbers and the whole numbers. [practice-area rows="4"][/practice-area]Answer: Answers may vary. The whole numbers are the counting numbers with the inclusion of zero.

Give an example from your everyday life where it helps to round numbers. [practice-area rows="4"][/practice-area]## Adding Whole Numbers

### Use Addition Notation

In the following exercises, translate the following from math expressions to words.- [latex]5+2[/latex]
Answer: five plus two; the sum of 5 and 2.

- [latex]6+3[/latex]
- [latex]13+18[/latex]
Answer: thirteen plus eighteen; the sum of 13 and 18.

- [latex]15+16[/latex]
- [latex]214+642[/latex]
Answer: two hundred fourteen plus six hundred forty-two; the sum of 214 and 642

- [latex]438+113[/latex]

### Model Addition of Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, model the addition.- [latex]2+4[/latex]
Answer: [latex-display]2+4=6[/latex-display]

- [latex]5+3[/latex]
- [latex]8+4[/latex]
Answer: [latex-display]8+4=12[/latex-display]

- [latex]5+9[/latex]
- [latex]14+75[/latex]
Answer: [latex]14+75=89[/latex]

- [latex]15+63[/latex]
- [latex]16+25[/latex]
Answer: [latex]16+25=41[/latex]

- [latex]14+27[/latex]

### Add Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, fill in the missing values in each chart.#### Exercise 1

Answer:

#### Exercise 2

#### Exercises 3

Answer:

#### Exercise 4

#### Exercise 5

Answer:

#### Exercise 6

### Add Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, add.- [latex]0+13[/latex]
Answer: 13

- [latex]13+0[/latex]
Answer: 13

- [latex]0+5,280[/latex]
- [latex]5,280+0[/latex]
- [latex]8+3[/latex]
Answer: 11

- [latex]3+8[/latex]
Answer: 11

- [latex]7+5[/latex]
- [latex]5+7[/latex]
- [latex]45+33[/latex]
Answer: [latex]78[/latex]

- [latex]37+22[/latex]
- [latex]71+28[/latex]
Answer: [latex]99[/latex]

- [latex]43+53[/latex]
- [latex]26+59[/latex]
Answer: [latex]85[/latex]

- [latex]38+17[/latex]
- [latex]64+78[/latex]
Answer: [latex]142[/latex]

- [latex]92+39[/latex]
- [latex]168+325[/latex]
Answer: [latex]493[/latex]

- [latex]247+149[/latex]
- [latex]584+277[/latex]
Answer: [latex]861[/latex]

- [latex]175+648[/latex]
- [latex]832+199[/latex]
Answer: [latex]1,031[/latex]

- [latex]775+369[/latex]
- [latex]6,358+492[/latex]
Answer: [latex]6,850[/latex]

- [latex]9,184+578[/latex]
- [latex]3,740+18,593[/latex]
Answer: [latex]22,333[/latex]

- [latex]6,118+15,990[/latex]
- [latex]485,012+619,848[/latex]
Answer: [latex]1,104,860[/latex]

- [latex]368,911+857,289[/latex]
- [latex]24,731+592+3,868[/latex]
Answer: [latex]29,191[/latex]

- [latex]28,925+817+4,593[/latex]
- [latex]8,015+76,946+16,570[/latex]
Answer: [latex]101,531[/latex]

- [latex]6,291+54,107+28,635[/latex]

### Translate Word Phrases to Math Notation

In the following exercises, translate each phrase into math notation and then simplify.- the sum of [latex]13[/latex] and [latex]18[/latex]
Answer: [latex]13+18=31[/latex]

- the sum of [latex]12[/latex] and [latex]19[/latex]
- the sum of [latex]90[/latex] and [latex]65[/latex]
Answer: [latex]90+65=155[/latex]

- the sum of [latex]70[/latex] and [latex]38[/latex]
- [latex]33[/latex] increased by [latex]49[/latex]
Answer: [latex]33+49=82[/latex]

- [latex]68[/latex] increased by [latex]25[/latex]
- [latex]250[/latex] more than [latex]599[/latex]
Answer: [latex]250+599=849[/latex]

- [latex]115[/latex] more than [latex]286[/latex]
- the total of [latex]628[/latex] and [latex]77[/latex]
Answer: [latex]628+77=705[/latex]

- the total of [latex]593[/latex] and [latex]79[/latex]
- [latex]1,482[/latex] added to [latex]915[/latex]
Answer: [latex]915+1,482=2,397[/latex]

- [latex]2,719[/latex] added to [latex]682[/latex]

### Add Whole Numbers in Applications

In the following exercises, solve the problem.#### Home remodeling

Sophia remodeled her kitchen and bought a new range, microwave, and dishwasher. The range cost [latex]\$1,100[/latex], the microwave cost [latex]\$250[/latex], and the dishwasher cost [latex]\$525[/latex]. What was the total cost of these three appliances?Answer: The total cost was $1,875.

#### Sports equipment

Aiden bought a baseball bat, helmet, and glove. The bat cost [latex]\$299[/latex], the helmet cost [latex]\$35[/latex], and the glove cost [latex]\$68[/latex]. What was the total cost of Aiden’s sports equipment?#### Bike riding

Ethan rode his bike [latex]14[/latex] miles on Monday, [latex]19[/latex] miles on Tuesday, [latex]12[/latex] miles on Wednesday, [latex]25[/latex] miles on Friday, and [latex]68[/latex] miles on Saturday. What was the total number of miles Ethan rode?Answer: Ethan rode 138 miles.

#### Business

Chloe has a flower shop. Last week she made [latex]19[/latex] floral arrangements on Monday, [latex]12[/latex] on Tuesday, [latex]23[/latex] on Wednesday, [latex]29[/latex] on Thursday, and [latex]44[/latex] on Friday. What was the total number of floral arrangements Chloe made?#### Apartment size

Jackson lives in a 7 room apartment. The number of square feet in each room is [latex]238,120,156,196,100,132[/latex], and [latex]225[/latex]. What is the total number of square feet in all [latex]7[/latex] rooms?Answer: The total square footage in the rooms is 1,167 square feet.

#### Weight

Seven men rented a fishing boat. The weights of the men were [latex]175,192,148,169,205,181[/latex], and [latex]\text{225}[/latex] pounds. What was the total weight of the seven men?#### Salary

Last year Natalie’s salary was [latex]\$82,572[/latex]. Two years ago, her salary was [latex]\$79,316[/latex], and three years ago it was [latex]\$75,298[/latex]. What is the total amount of Natalie’s salary for the past three years?Answer: Natalie’s total salary is $237,186.

#### Home sales

Emma is a realtor. Last month, she sold three houses. The selling prices of the houses were [latex]\$292,540,\$505,875[/latex], and [latex]\$423,699[/latex]. What was the total of the three selling prices?### Finding Perimeter

In the following exercises, find the perimeter of each figure.#### Exercise 1

Answer: The perimeter of the figure is 44 inches.

#### Exercise 2

#### Exercise 3

Answer: The perimeter of the figure is 56 meters.

#### Exercise 4

#### Exercise 5

Answer: The perimeter of the figure is 71 yards.

#### Exercise 6

#### Exercise 7

Answer: The perimeter of the figure is 62 feet.

#### Exercise 8

### Everyday Math

#### Calories

Paulette had a grilled chicken salad, ranch dressing, and a [latex]\text{16-ounce}[/latex] drink for lunch. On the restaurant’s nutrition chart, she saw that each item had the following number of calories:- Grilled chicken salad – [latex]320[/latex] calories
- Ranch dressing – [latex]170[/latex] calories
- [latex]\text{16-ounce}[/latex] drink – [latex]150[/latex] calories

Answer: The total number of calories was 640.

#### Calories

Fred had a grilled chicken sandwich, a small order of fries, and a [latex]\text{12-oz}[/latex] chocolate shake for dinner. The restaurant’s nutrition chart lists the following calories for each item:- Grilled chicken sandwich – [latex]420[/latex] calories
- Small fries – [latex]230[/latex] calories
- [latex]\text{12-oz}[/latex] chocolate shake – [latex]580[/latex] calories

#### Test scores

A students needs a total of [latex]400[/latex] points on five tests to pass a course. The student scored [latex]82,91,75,88,\text{and}70[/latex]. Did the student pass the course?Answer: Yes, he scored 406 points.

#### Elevators

The maximum weight capacity of an elevator is [latex]1150[/latex] pounds. Six men are in the elevator. Their weights are 210, 145, 183, 230, 159, and 164 pounds. Is the total weight below the elevators’ maximum capacity?### Writing Exercises

How confident do you feel about your knowledge of the addition facts? If you are not fully confident, what will you do to improve your skills? [practice-area rows="4"][/practice-area] How have you used models to help you learn the addition facts? [practice-area rows="4"][/practice-area]## Subtracting Whole Numbers

### Use Subtraction Notation

In the following exercises, translate from math notation to words.- [latex]15 - 9[/latex]
Answer: fifteen minus nine; the difference of fifteen and nine

- [latex]18 - 16[/latex]
- [latex]42 - 35[/latex]
Answer: forty-two minus thirty-five; the difference of forty-two and thirty-five

- [latex]83 - 64[/latex]
- [latex]675 - 350[/latex]
Answer: hundred seventy-five minus three hundred fifty; the difference of six hundred seventy-five and three hundred fifty

- [latex]790 - 525[/latex]

### Model Subtraction of Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, model the subtraction.- [latex]5 - 2[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]8 - 4[/latex]
- [latex]6 - 3[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]7 - 5[/latex]
- [latex]18 - 5[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]19 - 8[/latex]
- [latex]17 - 8[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]17 - 9[/latex]
- [latex]35 - 13[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]32 - 11[/latex]
- [latex]61 - 47[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]55 - 36[/latex]

### Subtract Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, subtract and then check by adding.- [latex]9 - 4[/latex]
Answer: 5

- [latex]9 - 3[/latex]
- [latex]8 - 0[/latex]
Answer: 8

- [latex]2 - 0[/latex]
- [latex]38 - 16[/latex]
Answer: 22

- [latex]45 - 21[/latex]
- [latex]85 - 52[/latex]
Answer: 33

- [latex]99 - 47[/latex]
- [latex]493 - 370[/latex]
Answer: 123

- [latex]268 - 106[/latex]
- [latex]5,946 - 4,625[/latex]
Answer: 1,321

- [latex]7,775 - 3,251[/latex]
- [latex]75 - 47[/latex]
Answer: 28

- [latex]63 - 59[/latex]
- [latex]461 - 239[/latex]
Answer: 222

- [latex]486 - 257[/latex]
- [latex]525 - 179[/latex]
Answer: 346

- [latex]542 - 288[/latex]
- [latex]6,318 - 2,799[/latex]
Answer: 3,519

- [latex]8,153 - 3,978[/latex]
- [latex]2,150 - 964[/latex]
Answer: 1,186

- [latex]4,245 - 899[/latex]
- [latex]43,650 - 8,982[/latex]
Answer: 34,668

- [latex]35,162 - 7,885[/latex]

### Translate Word Phrases to Algebraic Expressions

In the following exercises, translate and simplify.- The difference of [latex]10[/latex] and [latex]3[/latex]
Answer: 10 − 3; 7

- The difference of [latex]12[/latex] and [latex]8[/latex]
- The difference of [latex]15[/latex] and [latex]4[/latex]
Answer: 15 − 4; 11

- The difference of [latex]18[/latex] and [latex]7[/latex]
- Subtract [latex]6[/latex] from [latex]9[/latex]
Answer: 9 − 6; 3

- Subtract [latex]8[/latex] from [latex]9[/latex]
- Subtract [latex]28[/latex] from [latex]75[/latex]
Answer: 75 − 28; 47

- Subtract [latex]59[/latex] from [latex]81[/latex]
- [latex]45[/latex] decreased by [latex]20[/latex]
Answer: 45 − 20; 25

- [latex]37[/latex] decreased by [latex]24[/latex]
- [latex]92[/latex] decreased by [latex]67[/latex]
Answer: 92 − 67; 25

- [latex]75[/latex] decreased by [latex]49[/latex]
- [latex]12[/latex] less than [latex]16[/latex]
Answer: 16 − 12; 4

- [latex]15[/latex] less than [latex]19[/latex]
- [latex]38[/latex] less than [latex]61[/latex]
Answer: 61 − 38; 23

- [latex]47[/latex] less than [latex]62[/latex]

### Mixed Practice

In the following exercises, simplify.- [latex]76 - 47[/latex]
Answer: 29

- [latex]91 - 53[/latex]
- [latex]256 - 184[/latex]
Answer: 72

- [latex]305 - 262[/latex]
- [latex]719+341[/latex]
Answer: 1,060

- [latex]647+528[/latex]
- [latex]2,015 - 1,993[/latex]
Answer: 22

- [latex]2,020 - 1,984[/latex]

- Seventy more than thirty-five
Answer: 75 + 35; 110

- Sixty more than ninety-three
- [latex]13[/latex] less than [latex]41[/latex]
Answer: 41 − 13; 28

- [latex]28[/latex] less than [latex]36[/latex]
- The difference of [latex]100[/latex] and [latex]76[/latex]
Answer: 100 − 76; 24

- The difference of [latex]1,000[/latex] and [latex]945[/latex]

### Subtract Whole Numbers in Applications

In the following exercises, solve.#### Temperature

The high temperature on June 2 in Las Vegas was 80 degrees and the low temperature was 63 degrees. What was the difference between the high and low temperatures?Answer: The difference between the high and low temperature was 17 degrees

#### Temperature

The high temperature on June 1 in Phoenix was 97 degrees and the low was 73 degrees. What was the difference between the high and low temperatures?#### Class size

Olivia’s third grade class has [latex]35[/latex] children. Last year, her second grade class had [latex]22[/latex] children. What is the difference between the number of children in Olivia’s third grade class and her second grade class?Answer: The difference between the third grade and second grade was 13 children.

#### Class size

There are [latex]82[/latex] students in the school band and [latex]46[/latex] in the school orchestra. What is the difference between the number of students in the band and the orchestra?#### Shopping

A mountain bike is on sale for [latex]\$399[/latex]. Its regular price is [latex]\$650[/latex]. What is the difference between the regular price and the sale price?Answer: The difference between the regular price and sale price is $251.

#### Shopping

A mattress set is on sale for [latex]\$755[/latex]. Its regular price is [latex]\$1,600[/latex]. What is the difference between the regular price and the sale price?#### Savings

John wants to buy a laptop that costs [latex]\$840[/latex]. He has [latex]\$685[/latex] in his savings account. How much more does he need to save in order to buy the laptop?Answer: John needs to save $155 more.

#### Banking

Mason had [latex]\$1,125[/latex] in his checking account. He spent [latex]\$892[/latex]. How much money does he have left?### Everyday Math

#### Road trip

Noah was driving from Philadelphia to Cincinnati, a distance of [latex]502[/latex] miles. He drove [latex]115[/latex] miles, stopped for gas, and then drove another [latex]230[/latex] miles before lunch. How many more miles did he have to travel?Answer: 157 miles

#### Test Scores

Sara needs [latex]350[/latex] points to pass her course. She scored [latex]75,50,70,\text{and}80[/latex] on her first four tests. How many more points does Sara need to pass the course?### Writing Exercises

Explain how subtraction and addition are related. [practice-area rows="4"][/practice-area] How does knowing addition facts help you to subtract numbers? [practice-area rows="4"][/practice-area]## Multiplying Whole Numbers

### Use Multiplication Notation

In the following exercises, translate from math notation to words.- [latex]4\times 7[/latex]
Answer: four times seven; the product of four and seven

- [latex]8\times 6[/latex]
- [latex]5\cdot 12[/latex]
Answer: five times twelve; the product of five and twelve

- [latex]3\cdot 9[/latex]
- [latex]\left(10\right)\left(25\right)[/latex]
Answer: ten times twenty-five; the product of ten and twenty-five

- [latex]\left(20\right)\left(15\right)[/latex]
- [latex]42\left(33\right)[/latex]
Answer: forty-two times thirty-three; the product of forty-two and thirty-three

- [latex]39\left(64\right)[/latex]

### Model Multiplication of Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, model the multiplication.- [latex]3\times 6[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]4\times 5[/latex]
- [latex]5\times 9[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]3\times 9[/latex]

### Multiply Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, fill in the missing values in each chart.#### Exercise 1

Answer:

#### Exercise 2

#### Exercise 3

Answer:

#### Exercise 4

#### Exercise 5

Answer:

#### Exercise 6

#### Exercise 7

Answer:

#### Exercise 8

### Multiply Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, multiply.- [latex]0\cdot 15[/latex]
Answer: 0

- [latex]0\cdot 41[/latex]
- [latex]\left(99\right)0[/latex]
Answer: 0

- [latex]\left(77\right)0[/latex]
- [latex]1\cdot 43[/latex]
Answer: 43

- [latex]1\cdot 34[/latex]
- [latex]\left(28\right)1[/latex]
Answer: 28

- [latex]\left(65\right)1[/latex]
- [latex]1\left(240,055\right)[/latex]
Answer: 240,055

- [latex]1\left(189,206\right)[/latex]
- [latex]7\cdot 6[/latex]
Answer: 42

- [latex]6\cdot 7[/latex]
Answer: 42

- [latex]8\times 9[/latex]
- [latex]9\times 8[/latex]
- [latex]\left(79\right)\left(5\right)[/latex]
Answer: 395

- [latex]\left(58\right)\left(4\right)[/latex]
- [latex]275\cdot 6[/latex]
Answer: 1,650

- [latex]638\cdot 5[/latex]
- [latex]3,421\times 7[/latex]
Answer: 23,947

- [latex]9,143\times 3[/latex]
- [latex]52\left(38\right)[/latex]
Answer: 1,976

- [latex]37\left(45\right)[/latex]
- [latex]96\cdot 73[/latex]
Answer: 7,008

- [latex]89\cdot 56[/latex]
- [latex]27\times 85[/latex]
Answer: 2,295

- [latex]53\times 98[/latex]
- [latex]23\cdot 10[/latex]
Answer: 230

- [latex]19\cdot 10[/latex]
- [latex]\left(100\right)\left(36\right)[/latex]
Answer: 360

- [latex]\left(100\right)\left(25\right)[/latex]
- [latex]1,000\left(88\right)[/latex]
Answer: 88,000

- [latex]1,000\left(46\right)[/latex]
- [latex]50\times 1,000,000[/latex]
Answer: 50,000,000

- [latex]30\times 1,000,000[/latex]
- [latex]247\times 139[/latex]
Answer: 34,333

- [latex]156\times 328[/latex]
- [latex]586\left(721\right)[/latex]
Answer: 422,506

- [latex]472\left(855\right)[/latex]
- [latex]915\cdot 879[/latex]
Answer: 804,285

- [latex]968\cdot 926[/latex]
- [latex]\left(104\right)\left(256\right)[/latex]
Answer: 26,624

- [latex]\left(103\right)\left(497\right)[/latex]
- [latex]348\left(705\right)[/latex]
Answer: 245,340

- [latex]485\left(602\right)[/latex]
- [latex]2,719\times 543[/latex]
Answer: 1,476,417

- [latex]3,581\times 724[/latex]

### Translate Word Phrases to Math Notation

In the following exercises, translate and simplify.- the product of [latex]18[/latex] and [latex]33[/latex]
Answer: 18 · 33; 594

- the product of [latex]15[/latex] and [latex]22[/latex]
- fifty-one times sixty-seven
Answer: 51(67); 3,417

- forty-eight times seventy-one
- twice [latex]249[/latex]
Answer: 2(249); 498

- twice [latex]589[/latex]
- ten times three hundred seventy-five
Answer: 10(375); 3,750

- ten times two hundred fifty-five

### Mixed Practice, Part I

In the following exercises, simplify.- [latex]38\times 37[/latex]
Answer: 1,406

- [latex]86\times 29[/latex]
- [latex]415 - 267[/latex]
Answer: 148

- [latex]341 - 285[/latex]
- [latex]6,251+4,749[/latex]
Answer: 11,000

- [latex]3,816+8,184[/latex]
- [latex]\left(56\right)\left(204\right)[/latex]
Answer: 11,424

- [latex]\left(77\right)\left(801\right)[/latex]
- [latex]947\cdot 0[/latex]
Answer: 0

- [latex]947+0[/latex]
- [latex]15,382+1[/latex]
Answer: 15,383

- [latex]15,382\cdot 1[/latex]

### Mixed Practice, Part II

In the following exercises, translate and simplify.- the difference of 50 and 18
Answer: 50 − 18; 32

- the difference of 90 and 66
- twice 35
Answer: 2(35); 70

- twice 140
- 20 more than 980
Answer: 20 + 980; 1,000

- 65 more than 325
- the product of 12 and 875
Answer: 12(875); 10,500

- the product of 15 and 905
- subtract 74 from 89
Answer: 89 − 74; 15

- subtract 45 from 99
- the sum of 3,075 and 95
Answer: 3,075 + 950; 4,025

- the sum of 6,308 and 724
- 366 less than 814
Answer: 814 − 366; 448

- 388 less than 925

### Multiply Whole Numbers in Applications

In the following exercises, solve.#### Party supplies

Tim brought 9 six-packs of soda to a club party. How many cans of soda did Tim bring?Answer: Tim brought 54 cans of soda to the party.

#### Sewing

Kanisha is making a quilt. She bought 6 cards of buttons. Each card had four buttons on it. How many buttons did Kanisha buy?#### Field trip

Seven school busses let off their students in front of a museum in Washington, DC. Each school bus had 44 students. How many students were there?Answer: There were 308 students.

#### Gardening

Kathryn bought 8 flats of impatiens for her flower bed. Each flat has 24 flowers. How many flowers did Kathryn buy?#### Charity

Rey donated 15 twelve-packs of t-shirts to a homeless shelter. How many t-shirts did he donate?Answer: Rey donated 180 t-shirts.

#### School

There are 28 classrooms at Anna C. Scott elementary school. Each classroom has 26 student desks. What is the total number of student desks?#### Recipe

Stephanie is making punch for a party. The recipe calls for twice as much fruit juice as club soda. If she uses 10 cups of club soda, how much fruit juice should she use?Answer: Stephanie should use 20 cups of fruit juice.

#### Gardening

Hiroko is putting in a vegetable garden. He wants to have twice as many lettuce plants as tomato plants. If he buys 12 tomato plants, how many lettuce plants should he get?#### Government

The United States Senate has twice as many senators as there are states in the United States. There are 50 states. How many senators are there in the United States Senate?Answer: There are 100 senators in the U.S. senate.

#### Recipe

Andrea is making potato salad for a buffet luncheon. The recipe says the number of servings of potato salad will be twice the number of pounds of potatoes. If she buys 30 pounds of potatoes, how many servings of potato salad will there be?#### Painting

Jane is painting one wall of her living room. The wall is rectangular, 13 feet wide by 9 feet high. What is the area of the wall?Answer: The area of the wall is 117 square feet.

#### Home décor

Shawnte bought a rug for the hall of her apartment. The rug is 3 feet wide by 18 feet long. What is the area of the rug?#### Room size

The meeting room in a senior center is rectangular, with length 42 feet and width 34 feet. What is the area of the meeting room?Answer: The area of the room is 1,428 square feet.

#### Gardening

June has a vegetable garden in her yard. The garden is rectangular, with length 23 feet and width 28 feet. What is the area of the garden?#### NCAA basketball

According to NCAA regulations, the dimensions of a rectangular basketball court must be 94 feet by 50 feet. What is the area of the basketball court?Answer: The area of the court is 4,700 square feet.

#### NCAA football

According to NCAA regulations, the dimensions of a rectangular football field must be 360 feet by 160 feet. What is the area of the football field?### Everyday Math

#### Stock market

Javier owns 300 shares of stock in one company. On Tuesday, the stock price rose [latex]\$12[/latex] per share. How much money did Javier’s portfolio gain?Answer: Javier’s portfolio gained $3,600.

#### Salary

Carlton got a [latex]\$200[/latex] raise in each paycheck. He gets paid 24 times a year. How much higher is his new annual salary?### Writing Exercises

How confident do you feel about your knowledge of the multiplication facts? If you are not fully confident, what will you do to improve your skills? [practice-area rows="4"][/practice-area] How have you used models to help you learn the multiplication facts? [practice-area rows="4"][/practice-area]## Dividing Whole Numbers

### Use Division Notation

In the following exercises, translate from math notation to words.- [latex]54\div 9[/latex]
Answer: fifty-four divided by nine; the quotient of fifty-four and nine

- [latex]\frac{56}{7}[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{32}{8}[/latex]
Answer: thirty-two divided by eight; the quotient of thirty-two and eight

- [latex]6\overline{)42}[/latex]
- [latex]48\div 6[/latex]
Answer: forty-eight divided by six; the quotient of forty-eight and six

- [latex]\frac{63}{9}[/latex]
- [latex]7\overline{)63}[/latex]
Answer: sixty-three divided by seven; the quotient of sixty-three and seven

- [latex]72\div 8[/latex]

### Model Division of Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, model the division.- [latex]15\div 5[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]10\div 5[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{14}{7}[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]\frac{18}{6}[/latex]
- [latex]4\overline{)20}[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]3\overline{)15}[/latex]
- [latex]24\div 6[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]16\div 4[/latex]

### Divide Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, divide. Then check by multiplying.- [latex]18\div 2[/latex]
Answer: 9

- [latex]14\div 2[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{27}{3}[/latex]
Answer: 9

- [latex]\frac{30}{3}[/latex]
- [latex]4\overline{)28}[/latex]
Answer: 7

- [latex]4\overline{)36}[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{45}{5}[/latex]
Answer: 9

- [latex]\frac{35}{5}[/latex]
- [latex]72/8[/latex]
Answer: 9

- [latex]8\overline{)64}[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{35}{7}[/latex]
Answer: 5

- [latex]42\div 7[/latex]
- [latex]15\overline{)15}[/latex]
Answer: 1

- [latex]12\overline{)12}[/latex]
- [latex]43\div 43[/latex]
Answer: 1

- [latex]37\div 37[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{23}{1}[/latex]
Answer: 23

- [latex]\frac{29}{1}[/latex]
- [latex]19\div 1[/latex]
Answer: 19

- [latex]17\div 1[/latex]
- [latex]0\div 4[/latex]
Answer: 0

- [latex]0\div 8[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{5}{0}[/latex]
Answer: undefined

- [latex]\frac{9}{0}[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{26}{0}[/latex]
Answer: undefined

- [latex]\frac{32}{0}[/latex]
- [latex]12\overline{)0}[/latex]
Answer: 0

- [latex]16\overline{)0}[/latex]
- [latex]72\div 3[/latex]
Answer: 24

- [latex]57\div 3[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{96}{8}[/latex]
Answer: 12

- [latex]\frac{78}{6}[/latex]
- [latex]5\overline{)465}[/latex]
Answer: 93

- [latex]4\overline{)528}[/latex]
- [latex]924\div 7[/latex]
Answer: 132

- [latex]861\div 7[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{5,226}{6}[/latex]
Answer: 871

- [latex]\frac{3,776}{8}[/latex]
- [latex]4\overline{)31,324}[/latex]
Answer: 7,831

- [latex]5\overline{)46,855}[/latex]
- [latex]7,209\div 3[/latex]
Answer: 2,403

- [latex]4,806\div 3[/latex]
- [latex]5,406\div 6[/latex]
Answer: 901

- [latex]3,208\div 4[/latex]
- [latex]4\overline{)2,816}[/latex]
Answer: 704

- [latex]6\overline{)3,624}[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{91,881}{9}[/latex]
Answer: 10,209

- [latex]\frac{83,256}{8}[/latex]
- [latex]2,470\div 7[/latex]
Answer: 352 R6

- [latex]3,741\div 7[/latex]
- [latex]8\overline{)55,305}[/latex]
Answer: 6,913 R1

- [latex]9\overline{)51,492}[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{431,174}{5}[/latex]
Answer: 86,234 R4

- [latex]\frac{297,277}{4}[/latex]
- [latex]130,016\div 3[/latex]
Answer: 43,338 R2

- [latex]105,609\div 2[/latex]
- [latex]15\overline{)5,735}[/latex]
Answer: 382 R5

- [latex]\frac{4,933}{21}[/latex]
- [latex]56,883\div 67[/latex]
Answer: 849

- [latex]43,725/75[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{30,144}{314}[/latex]
Answer: 96

- [latex]26,145\div 415[/latex]
- [latex]273\overline{)542,195}[/latex]
Answer: 1,986 R17

- [latex]816,243\div 462[/latex]

### Mixed Practice

In the following exercises, simplify.- [latex]15\left(204\right)[/latex]
Answer: 3,060

- [latex]74\cdot 391[/latex]
- [latex]256 - 184[/latex]
Answer: 72

- [latex]305 - 262[/latex]
- [latex]719+341[/latex]
Answer: 1,060

- [latex]647+528[/latex]
- [latex]25\overline{)875}[/latex]
Answer: 35

- [latex]1104\div 23[/latex]

### Translate Word Phrases to Algebraic Expressions

In the following exercises, translate and simplify.- the quotient of [latex]45[/latex] and [latex]15[/latex]
Answer: 45 ÷ 15; 3

- the quotient of [latex]64[/latex] and [latex]16[/latex]
- the quotient of [latex]288[/latex] and [latex]24[/latex]
Answer: 288 ÷ 24; 12

- the quotient of [latex]256[/latex] and [latex]32[/latex]

### Divide Whole Numbers in Applications

In the following exercises, solve.#### Trail mix

Ric bought [latex]64[/latex] ounces of trail mix. He wants to divide it into small bags, with [latex]2[/latex] ounces of trail mix in each bag. How many bags can Ric fill?Answer: Ric can fill 32 bags.

#### Crackers

Evie bought a [latex]42[/latex] ounce box of crackers. She wants to divide it into bags with [latex]3[/latex] ounces of crackers in each bag. How many bags can Evie fill?#### Astronomy class

There are [latex]125[/latex] students in an astronomy class. The professor assigns them into groups of [latex]5[/latex]. How many groups of students are there?Answer: There are 25 groups.

#### Flower shop

Melissa’s flower shop got a shipment of [latex]152[/latex] roses. She wants to make bouquets of [latex]8[/latex] roses each. How many bouquets can Melissa make?#### Baking

One roll of plastic wrap is [latex]48[/latex] feet long. Marta uses [latex]3[/latex] feet of plastic wrap to wrap each cake she bakes. How many cakes can she wrap from one roll?Answer: Marta can wrap 16 cakes from 1 roll.

#### Dental floss

One package of dental floss is [latex]54[/latex] feet long. Brian uses [latex]2[/latex] feet of dental floss every day. How many days will one package of dental floss last Brian?### Everyday Math

#### Contact lenses

Jenna puts in a new pair of contact lenses every [latex]14[/latex] days. How many pairs of contact lenses does she need for [latex]365[/latex] days?Answer: Jenna uses 26 pairs of contact lenses, but there is 1 day left over, so she needs 27 pairs for 365 days.

#### Cat food

One bag of cat food feeds Lara’s cat for [latex]25[/latex] days. How many bags of cat food does Lara need for [latex]365[/latex] days?### Writing Exercises

Explain how you use the multiplication facts to help with division. [practice-area rows="4"][/practice-area]Answer: Answers may vary. Using multiplication facts can help you check your answers once you’ve finished division.

Oswaldo divided [latex]300[/latex] by [latex]8[/latex] and said his answer was [latex]37[/latex] with a remainder of [latex]4[/latex]. How can you check to make sure he is correct? [practice-area rows="4"][/practice-area]## Mixed Practice (Applications)

In the following exercises, solve.### Miles per gallon

Susana’s hybrid car gets [latex]45[/latex] miles per gallon. Her son’s truck gets [latex]17[/latex] miles per gallon. What is the difference in miles per gallon between Susana’s car and her son’s truck?Answer: The difference is 28 miles per gallon.

### Distance

Mayra lives [latex]53[/latex] miles from her mother’s house and [latex]71[/latex] miles from her mother-in-law’s house. How much farther is Mayra from her mother-in-law’s house than from her mother’s house?### Field trip

The [latex]45[/latex] students in a Geology class will go on a field trip, using the college’s vans. Each van can hold [latex]9[/latex] students. How many vans will they need for the field trip?Answer: They will need 5 vans for the field trip

### Potting soil

Aki bought a [latex]128[/latex] ounce bag of potting soil. How many [latex]4[/latex] ounce pots can he fill from the bag?### Hiking

Bill hiked [latex]8[/latex] miles on the first day of his backpacking trip, [latex]14[/latex] miles the second day, [latex]11[/latex] miles the third day, and [latex]17[/latex] miles the fourth day. What is the total number of miles Bill hiked?Answer: Bill hiked 50 miles

### Reading

Last night Emily read [latex]6[/latex] pages in her Business textbook, [latex]26[/latex] pages in her History text, [latex]15[/latex] pages in her Psychology text, and [latex]9[/latex] pages in her math text. What is the total number of pages Emily read?### Patients

LaVonne treats [latex]12[/latex] patients each day in her dental office. Last week she worked [latex]4[/latex] days. How many patients did she treat last week?Answer: LaVonne treated 48 patients last week.

### Scouts

There are [latex]14[/latex] boys in Dave’s scout troop. At summer camp, each boy earned [latex]5[/latex] merit badges. What was the total number of merit badges earned by Dave’s scout troop at summer camp?## Chapter Review Exercises

### Introduction to Whole Numbers

#### Identify Counting Numbers and Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, determine which of the following are (a) counting numbers (b) whole numbers.- [latex]0,2,99[/latex]
Answer: a) Counting numbers: 2, 99 b) Whole numbers: 0, 2, 99

- [latex]0,3,25[/latex]
- [latex]0,4,90[/latex]
Answer: a) Counting numbers: 4, 90 b) Whole numbers: 0, 4, 90

- [latex]0,1,75[/latex]

#### Model Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, model each number using [latex]\text{base - 10}[/latex] blocks and then show its value using place value notation.- 258
Answer:

- 104

#### Identify the Place Value of a Digit

In the following exercises, find the place value of the given digits. [latex-display]472,981[/latex-display]- [latex]8[/latex]
- [latex]4[/latex]
- [latex]1[/latex]
- [latex]7[/latex]
- [latex]2[/latex]

Answer:

- tens
- hundred thousands
- ones
- thousands
- ten thousands

- [latex]4[/latex]
- [latex]0[/latex]
- [latex]1[/latex]
- [latex]9[/latex]
- [latex]3[/latex]

#### Use Place Value to Name Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, name each number in words.- [latex]5,280[/latex]
Answer: Five thousand two hundred eighty

- [latex]204,614[/latex]
- [latex]5,012,582[/latex]
Answer: Five million twelve thousand five hundred eighty-two

- [latex]31,640,976[/latex]

#### Use Place Value to Write Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, write as a whole number using digits.- six hundred two
- fifteen thousand, two hundred fifty-three
Answer: 15,253

- three hundred forty million, nine hundred twelve thousand, sixty-one
Answer: 340,912,061

- two billion, four hundred ninety-two million, seven hundred eleven thousand, two

#### Round Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, round to the nearest ten.- [latex]412[/latex]
Answer: 410

- [latex]648[/latex]
- [latex]3,556[/latex]
Answer: 3,560

- [latex]2,734[/latex]

- [latex]38,975[/latex]
Answer: 39,000

- [latex]26,849[/latex]
- [latex]81,486[/latex]
Answer: 81,500

- [latex]75,992[/latex]

### Add Whole Numbers

#### Use Addition Notation

In the following exercises, translate the following from math notation to words.- [latex]4+3[/latex]
Answer: four plus three; the sum of four and three

- [latex]25+18[/latex]
- [latex]571+629[/latex]
Answer: five hundred seventy-one plus six hundred twenty-nine; the sum of five hundred seventy-one and six hundred twenty-nine

- [latex]10,085+3,492[/latex]

#### Model Addition of Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, model the addition.- [latex]6+7[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]38+14[/latex]

#### Add Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, fill in the missing values in each chart.##### Exercise 1

Answer:

##### Exercise 2

In the following exercises, add.- [latex]0+19[/latex]
Answer: 19

- [latex]19+0[/latex]
Answer: 19

- [latex]0+480[/latex]
- [latex]480+0[/latex]
- [latex]7+6[/latex]
Answer: 13

- [latex]6+7[/latex]
Answer: 13

- [latex]23+18[/latex]
- [latex]18+23[/latex]
- [latex]44+35[/latex]
Answer: 82

- [latex]63+29[/latex]
- [latex]96+58[/latex]
Answer: 154

- [latex]375+591[/latex]
- [latex]7,281+12,546[/latex]
Answer: 19,827

- [latex]5,280+16,324+9,731[/latex]

#### Translate Word Phrases to Math Notation

In the following exercises, translate each phrase into math notation and then simplify.- the sum of [latex]30[/latex] and [latex]12[/latex]
Answer: 30 + 12; 42

- [latex]11[/latex] increased by [latex]8[/latex]
- [latex]25[/latex] more than [latex]39[/latex]
Answer: 39 + 25; 64

- total of [latex]15[/latex] and [latex]50[/latex]

#### Add Whole Numbers in Applications

In the following exercises, solve.##### Shopping for an interview

Nathan bought a new shirt, tie, and slacks to wear to a job interview. The shirt cost [latex]\$24[/latex], the tie cost [latex]\$14[/latex], and the slacks cost [latex]\$38[/latex]. What was Nathan’s total cost?Answer: $76

##### Running

Jackson ran [latex]4[/latex] miles on Monday, [latex]12[/latex] miles on Tuesday, [latex]1[/latex] mile on Wednesday, [latex]8[/latex] miles on Thursday, and [latex]5[/latex] miles on Friday. What was the total number of miles Jackson ran?#### Add Whole Numbers in Applications

In the following exercises, find the perimeter of each figure.Answer: 46 feet

### Subtract Whole Numbers

#### Use Subtraction Notation

In the following exercises, translate the following from math notation to words.- [latex]14 - 5[/latex]
Answer: fourteen minus five; the difference of fourteen and five

- [latex]40 - 15[/latex]
- [latex]351 - 249[/latex]
Answer: three hundred fifty-one minus two hundred forty-nine; the difference between three hundred fifty-one and two hundred forty-nine

- [latex]5,724 - 2,918[/latex]

#### Model Subtraction of Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, model the subtraction.- [latex]18 - 4[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]41 - 29[/latex]

#### Subtract Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, subtract and then check by adding.- [latex]8 - 5[/latex]
Answer: 3

- [latex]12 - 7[/latex]
- [latex]23 - 9[/latex]
Answer: 14

- [latex]46 - 21[/latex]
- [latex]82 - 59[/latex]
Answer: 23

- [latex]110 - 87[/latex]
- [latex]539 - 217[/latex]
Answer: 322

- [latex]415 - 296[/latex]
- [latex]1,020 - 640[/latex]
Answer: 380

- [latex]8,355 - 3,947[/latex]
- [latex]10,000 - 15[/latex]
Answer: 9,985

- [latex]54,925 - 35,647[/latex]

#### Translate Word Phrases to Math Notation

In the following exercises, translate and simplify.- the difference of nineteen and thirteen
Answer: 19 − 13; 6

- subtract sixty-five from one hundred
- seventy-four decreased by eight
Answer: 74 − 8; 66

- twenty-three less than forty-one

#### Subtract Whole Numbers in Applications

In the following exercises, solve.##### Temperature

The high temperature in Peoria one day was [latex]86[/latex] degrees Fahrenheit and the low temperature was [latex]28[/latex] degrees Fahrenheit. What was the difference between the high and low temperatures?Answer: 58 degrees Fahrenheit

##### Savings

Lynn wants to go on a cruise that costs [latex]\$2,485[/latex]. She has [latex]\$948[/latex] in her vacation savings account. How much more does she need to save in order to pay for the cruise?### Multiply Whole Numbers

#### Use Multiplication Notation

In the following exercises, translate from math notation to words.- [latex]8\times 5[/latex]
Answer: eight times five the product of eight and five

- [latex]6\cdot 14[/latex]
- [latex]\left(10\right)\left(95\right)[/latex]
Answer: ten times ninety-five; the product of ten and ninety-five

- [latex]54\left(72\right)[/latex]

#### Model Multiplication of Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, model the multiplication.- [latex]2\times 4[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]3\times 8[/latex]

#### Multiply Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, fill in the missing values in each chart.##### Exercises 1

Answer:

##### Exercises 2

#### Multiply Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, multiply.- [latex]0\cdot 14[/latex]
Answer: 0

- [latex]\left(256\right)0[/latex]
- [latex]1\cdot 99[/latex]
Answer: 99

- [latex]\left(4,789\right)1[/latex]
- [latex]7\cdot 4[/latex]
Answer: 28

- [latex]4\cdot 7[/latex]
Answer: 28

- [latex]\left(25\right)\left(6\right)[/latex]
- [latex]9,261\times 3[/latex]
Answer: 27,783

- [latex]48\cdot 76[/latex]
- [latex]64\cdot 10[/latex]
Answer: 640

- [latex]1,000\left(22\right)[/latex]
- [latex]162\times 493[/latex]
Answer: 79,866

- [latex]\left(601\right)\left(943\right)[/latex]
- [latex]3,624\times 517[/latex]
Answer: 1,873,608

- [latex]10,538\cdot 22[/latex]

#### Translate Word Phrases to Math Notation

In the following exercises, translate and simplify.- the product of [latex]15[/latex] and [latex]28[/latex]
Answer: 15(28); 420

- ninety-four times thirty-three
- twice [latex]575[/latex]
Answer: 2(575); 1,150

- ten times two hundred sixty-four

#### Multiply Whole Numbers in Applications

In the following exercises, solve.##### Gardening

Geniece bought [latex]8[/latex] packs of marigolds to plant in her yard. Each pack has [latex]6[/latex] flowers. How many marigolds did Geniece buy?Answer: 48 marigolds

##### Cooking

Ratika is making rice for a dinner party. The number of cups of water is twice the number of cups of rice. If Ratika plans to use [latex]4[/latex] cups of rice, how many cups of water does she need?##### Multiplex

There are twelve theaters at the multiplex and each theater has [latex]150[/latex] seats. What is the total number of seats at the multiplex?Answer: 1,800 seats

##### Roofing

Lewis needs to put new shingles on his roof. The roof is a rectangle, [latex]30[/latex] feet by [latex]24[/latex] feet. What is the area of the roof?### Divide Whole Numbers

#### Use Division Notation

Translate from math notation to words.- [latex]54\div 9[/latex]
Answer: fifty-four divided by nine; the quotient of fifty-four and nine

- [latex]42/7[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{72}{8}[/latex]
Answer: seventy-two divided by eight; the quotient of seventy-two and eight

- [latex]6\overline{)48}[/latex]

#### Model Division of Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, model.- [latex]8\div 2[/latex]
Answer:

- [latex]3\overline{)12}[/latex]

#### Divide Whole Numbers

In the following exercises, divide. Then check by multiplying.- [latex]14\div 2[/latex]
Answer: 7

- [latex]\frac{32}{8}[/latex]
- [latex]52\div 4[/latex]
Answer: 13

- [latex]26\overline{)26}[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{97}{1}[/latex]
Answer: 97

- [latex]0\div 52[/latex]
- [latex]100\div 0[/latex]
Answer: undefined

- [latex]\frac{355}{5}[/latex]
- [latex]3828\div 6[/latex]
Answer: 638

- [latex]31\overline{)1,519}[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{7505}{25}[/latex]
Answer: 300 R5

- [latex]5,166\div 42[/latex]

#### Translate Word Phrases to Math Notation

In the following exercises, translate and simplify.- the quotient of [latex]64[/latex] and [latex]16[/latex]
Answer: 64 ÷ 16; 4

- the quotient of [latex]572[/latex] and [latex]52[/latex]

#### Divide Whole Numbers in Applications

In the following exercises, solve.##### Ribbon

One spool of ribbon is [latex]27[/latex] feet. Lizbeth uses [latex]3[/latex] feet of ribbon for each gift basket that she wraps. How many gift baskets can Lizbeth wrap from one spool of ribbon?Answer: 9 baskets

##### Juice

One carton of fruit juice is [latex]128[/latex] ounces. How many [latex]4[/latex] ounce cups can Shayla fill from one carton of juice?### Chapter Practice Test

Determine which of the following numbers are a) counting numbers and b) whole numbers.- [latex]0,4,87[/latex]
Answer: a) Counting numbers: 4, 87 b) Whole numbers: 0, 4, 8

- [latex]9[/latex]
- [latex]6[/latex]
- [latex]2[/latex]
- [latex]5[/latex]

- six hundred thirteen
Answer: 613

- fifty-five thousand two hundred eight
Answer: 55,208

- [latex]45+23[/latex]
Answer: 68

- [latex]65 - 42[/latex]
- [latex]85\div 5[/latex]
Answer: 17

- [latex]1,000\times 8[/latex]
- [latex]90 - 58[/latex]
Answer: 32

- [latex]73+89[/latex]
- [latex]\left(0\right)\left(12,675\right)[/latex]
Answer: 0

- [latex]634+255[/latex]
- [latex]\frac{0}{9}[/latex]
Answer: 0

- [latex]8\overline{)128}[/latex]
- [latex]145 - 79[/latex]
Answer: 66

- [latex]299+836[/latex]
- [latex]7\cdot 475[/latex]
Answer: 3,325

- [latex]8,528+704[/latex]
- [latex]35\left(14\right)[/latex]
Answer: 490

- [latex]\frac{26}{0}[/latex]
- [latex]733 - 291[/latex]
Answer: 442

- [latex]4,916 - 1,538[/latex]
- [latex]495\div 45[/latex]
Answer: 11

- [latex]52\times 983[/latex]

- The sum of [latex]16[/latex] and [latex]58[/latex]
Answer: 16 + 58; 74

- The product of [latex]9[/latex] and [latex]15[/latex]
- The difference of [latex]32[/latex] and [latex]18[/latex]
Answer: 32 − 18; 14

- The quotient of [latex]63[/latex] and [latex]21[/latex]
- Twice [latex]524[/latex]
Answer: 2(524); 1,048

- [latex]29[/latex] more than [latex]32[/latex]
- [latex]50[/latex] less than [latex]300[/latex]
Answer: 300 − 50; 250

- LaVelle buys a jumbo bag of [latex]84[/latex] candies to make favor bags for her son’s party. If she wants to make [latex]12[/latex] bags, how many candies should she put in each bag?
- Last month, Stan’s take-home pay was [latex]\$3,816[/latex] and his expenses were [latex]\$3,472[/latex]. How much of his take-home pay did Stan have left after he paid his expenses?
Answer: Stan had $344 left.

- Each class at Greenville School has [latex]22[/latex] children enrolled. The school has [latex]24[/latex] classes. How many children are enrolled at Greenville School?
- Clayton walked [latex]12[/latex] blocks to his mother’s house, [latex]6[/latex] blocks to the gym, and [latex]9[/latex] blocks to the grocery store before walking the last [latex]3[/latex] blocks home. What was the total number of blocks that Clayton walked?
Answer: Clayton walked 30 blocks

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